Lavender 101

Frolic with everyone’s favorite fragrant flower

July 6, 2022  |   by Denise Sakaki

Thought to have originated in what is now the Arabian Peninsula, brought to Europe by the ancient Romans, the notably fragrant and colorful plant was named for their term, “to bathe,” or “lavare.” From that point forward, lavender continued its journey through human history as both a medicinal and culinary ingredient, prized for its soothing fragrance, antibacterial properties, and its ability to add a complex flavor to food.

Lavender has been a companion to world leaders, like Cleopatra, who was reportedly fond of its scent, regarding it as an aphrodisiac. It was found in tombs of Egyptian pharaohs, and France’s King Charles VI would stuff pillows with dried lavender to deter moths. Dried bundles of lavender were used to fumigate during plagues, and in general use as an insecticide. When infused in oils and ointments, lavender has served as an antiseptic as far back as the 1940’s. Over the centuries, lavender has become a symbol for healing, purity, and love.

Today, lavender’s legacy continues as a beloved garden staple, with many fast-growing varietals to choose from. We’ve collected several lavender types to consider for your own home oasis, whether you have a spacious yard, a quaint patio, or sunny windowsill. If you’re looking to use your lavender in cooking (infusing sugar, simple syrups or blending into spice mixes) go for English lavender; it doesn’t have that “soapy” flavor that the more fragrant, perfume-heavy lavender plants impart.

Silver Anouk is a garden standout, with its unusual two-toned flowers, framed by silvery foliage. Dark plum flowers are topped by violet flags, like butterfly wings. A fragrant choice for containers, patios and porches where you can enjoy it up close.

Silver Anouk Lavender

Provence Lavender is tolerant of poor soils and heat, known to withstand heavy doses of humidity. One of the tallest and most fragrant varieties, ‘Provence’ grows to be 30-36 inches tall with exceptionally long, mauve-purple flowers, and an excellent choice for creating an aromatic hedge.

Phenomenal Lavender

Phenomenal Lavender has it all: exceptionally tolerant of high heat/humidity and harsh winters, fast-growing and highly fragrant. Its spires of purple-blue flowers attract butterflies and bees to the garden, is deer-resistant, and the blooms can be used in essential oils.

Anouk Lavender has dark purple flowerheads topped with delicate mauve-lilac flags, easily grown with a long flowering time. Sweetly fragrant, it’s perfect for containers or perennial beds where it makes a magnificent focal point. Deer and rabbits avoid it, while pollinators are attracted to it.

Anouk Lavender
Grosso Lavender

Grosso Lavender is frequently grown for use in perfume making, given its intense fragrance. A long-blooming and showy flower with large and spiky dark purple petals set against silver foliage, it makes for a richly colorful appearance in the garden and when dried for crafts.

Munstead Lavender is an English Lavender with fragrant, cool mauve-blue spikes and gray-green, mounded foliage. We love it planted with other colorful perennials in borders, planted in a massive swath where it can sway in the breeze, or set in a pot on the patio where you can enjoy its pleasant scent.

Munstead Lavender
Hidcote Lavender

Hidcote is a compact English Lavender that grows only 18-24 inches tall, perfect for containers, with highly fragrant, deep purple-blue flowers. Excellent for both fresh and dried bouquets, this lavender attracts bees and butterflies and is deer/rabbit resistant. Perfect for hot, dry sites and drought-tolerant once established.

Big Time Blue puts other English lavenders to shame. It not only blooms much earlier than all of its relatives but also produces some of the largest flower wands—up to 4 inches long. An herbaceous lavender, contains essential oils that can be used in cuisine, but is such a fine garden presence that it is also widely used as a low hedge and mass planting. The compact size makes it easy to grow in a container, so you can keep it near at hand for easy harvesting.

Big Time Blue Lavender
Super Blue Lavender

SuperBlue is a compact and fragrant Lavender plant, making it a perfect choice for edging walkways and setting into patio containers. This English Lavender is fairly tough, withstanding drought and overwintering reliably in all but the coldest zones. Rich and saturated, ‘SuperBlue’ produces blooms that are tighter together, delivering more color and fewer airy gaps.

Between the rich soil and hot summer sun, Washington is a great place to grow lavender, and there are so many farms to visit! Take a drive to Sequim to visit Purple Haze or The Lavender Connection, or take a trip to San Juan Island to Pelindaba Lavender Farms, nestled along Friday Harbor. If you need lavender now, Metropolitan Market is one of the few grocery stores near you that offers such a broad range of lavender in the floral departments.